Medicine is the practice of diagnosing, treating, or preventing a disease. Surgery is the science of treating an injured or deformed part of the body, by incising or manipulating with an instrument. Plastic surgery is the surgical art of reconstructing, restoring, transferring, or altering the human body. The name plastic, comes from a Greek word, plastikos, which means to form, to shape, or to mold. Plastic surgery maybe one of the oldest healing medicine in the world.
If you believe that food is medicine, then it is easy to accept that even the early Homo sapiens, knew medicine. In the process of learning which foods were edible, they found foods and plants that actually relaxed them, alleviated pain, decreased swelling, or even helped with fever and infection.
All of the old civilizations, have had healing traditions associated with them. Even though Greece, Persia, Egypt, and China all have shaped the study of medicine and human anatomy, the most ancient documented history of medicine goes back to India. There are some ancient texts, describing Indian Ayurvedic medicine which predates the Christian Era by 4000 years. Sushruta is the first known Physician, also known as the father of Plastic surgery who wrote a book called Sushruta Samhita about 800 BC. He provided impressive surgical and anatomical information in details using specific instruments for each procedure. He had done many rhinoplasties for reconstruction of the damaged nose by rotating down a tissue skin flap from the forehead to the nose, or reconstruction of an earlobe, by rotating a tissue from the cheek.
America’s first plastic surgeon of note was Dr. Peter Mettauer who performed the first cleft palate operation in 1872. The first Iranian plastic surgeon of the New era was probably DR. Siroos Osanlou who in 1949 returned to Iran after his training in England and the United States.
The modern art of plastic surgery has many branches including : Aesthetic cosmetic surgery , microsurgery, hair transplantation surgery, hand surgery, cranio-maxillo-facial surgery, breast surgery, and many other congenital and reconstructive surgeries.